Dynamics of demand in the labor market in the southern regions of Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic


2020, Vol. 4. № 3 (13)

Dynamics of demand in the labor market in the southern regions of Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic

For citation: Rodicheva I. V. 2020. “Dynamics of demand in the labor market in the southern regions of Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic”. Siberian Socium, vol. 4, no. 3 (13), pp. 49-58. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2020-4-3-49-58

About the author:

Irina V. Rodicheva, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Center for Analytical Research and Modern Education (Anapa, Russian Federation); ORCID: 0000-0003-1523-2325; karne@list.ru


The events taking place in 2020 in the world in general and in Russia in particular have dramatically shaken up all spheres of public life. The quarantine measures have significantly blocked the channels of business interaction and enabled a pause mode in a wide range of economic processes. The state of the labor market during the crisis period is a defining indicator that demonstrates the strategies of employers and employees. This article studies the dynamics of a key indicator of the labor market — the demand for labor in the southern regions of Russia. The author aims to analyze the dynamics of labor market demand in a number of cities in southern regions of Russia in the key periods of spring 2020 events associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis covers six cities of southern Russia, located in different regions and significantly different specific structure of the economic sphere. The indicators of the southern regions as a whole were considered separately, which allowed to diagnose their condition and draw conclusions about ther particular “painful” dependencies. The labor market of the southern Russian cities is characterized by stable seasonality structures and highly specialized orientation in a number of territories. These private characteristics have a direct impact on complex economic indicators. The eployment of quarantine measures on the eve of the holiday season and preventive saturation with epidemiological security measures of the tourist business in the country threatened to turn into an economic disaster for a number of territories. The novelty of this topic lies in the fact that the forced lockdown had an external character and it highlighted a significant dependence of economic actions of business on the decisions of the authorities. The new conditions of destabilization were a test of stability of organizational links of different spheres of public life. An essential factor that destabilized the behavior of key labor market participants was the mass media, which spread false or unverified information. The author draws a conclusion about the characteristic avalanche-like declines and rises in demand in the labor market of the southern regions and about the uneven distribution of reactions in different cities with similar geographical locations.


  1. Anisimov R. N. 2017. “Labor in the era of uncertainty”. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya (= Sociological Studies), no. 11, pp. 44-52. [In Russian]

  2. Bauman Z. 2008. Fluid Modernity. Saint Petersburg: Piter. 240 pp. [In Russian]

  3. Beck U. 2000. Risk Society. On the Way to Another Modernity. Moscow: Progress-Tradition. 383 pp. [In Russian]

  4. Interfax. “Most health resorts in Kuban will not be able to resume their activities in 2020”. Accessed 23 June 2020. https://tourism.interfax.ru/ru/news/articles/71216/ [In Russian]

  5. Yandex Zen. “Will there be a holiday season in the Krasnodar territory in 2020?”. Accessed 15 May 2020. https://zen.yandex.ru/media/newsment/budet-li-kurortnyi-sezon-v-krasnodarskom-krae-v-2020-godu-5ebbb... [In Russian]

  6. Krasnodar Territory Administration. “For the first time in Russia, quarantine has been officially Introduced in the Krasnodar territory”. Accessed 1 April 2020. https://admkrai.krasnodar.ru/content/1131/show/529488/ [In Russian]

  7. Gimpelson V., Kapelyushnikov R. “Market there under the onslaught of the coronavirus”. Accessed 28 August 2020. https://www.hse.ru/mirror/pubs/share/369698959.pdf [In Russian]

  8. Rossiyskaya gazeta. “The head of the Crimea did not rule out the disruption of the holiday season in 2020”. Accessed 7 May 2020. https://rg.ru/2020/05/07/reg-ufo/glava-kryma-ne-iskliuchil-sryv-kurortnogo-sezona-v-2020-godu.html [In Russian]

  9. Krasnodar Territory Law of 21 December 2018 No. 3930-KZ “On the strategy of socio-economic development of the Krasnodar Territory until 2030”. Appendix to the regional law “Strategy of socio-economic development of the Krasnodar territory until 2030”. Accessed 26 April 2020. https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/file/e4e8b9ddede078a93f60f5e7a08fce28/krasnodar.pdf [In Russian]

  10. Republic of Crimea Law of 9 January 2017 No. 352-ZRK/2017 “On the strategy of socio-economic development of the Republic of Crimea until 2030”. Appendix to the law “Strategy of socio-economic development of the Republic of Crimea until 2030”. Accessed 26 April 2020. http://crimea.gov.ru/textdoc/ru/7/act/352z.pdf [In Russian]

  11. Ketova N., Kolesnikov Yu. S., Ovchinnikov V. N. 2015. “Economy of the South of Russia: features of functioning and development prospects”. Problems of Forecasting, no. 4, pp. 96-104. [In Russian]

  12. Klimova N. V. 2014. “Tourism in the Krasnodar region: potential, economic significance and development prospects”. Scientific Journal of Kubgau, no. 100 (06), pp. 988-1004. [In Russian]

  13. Yandex Zen. “Will there be no holiday season 2020 in Crimea?”. Accessed 12 May 2020. https://zen.yandex.ru/media/greattrips/kurortnogo-sezona-2020-v-krymu-ne-budet-5eb67bc55aece17b0a631... [In Russian]

  14. Novyi den. “The holiday season in the Crimea, it seems, will not happen”. Accessed 7 May 2020. https://newdaynews.ru/crimea/691366.html [In Russian]

  15. Nemirovsky V. G. 2019. “Precariat and its life world as a product of ‘traumatized society’”. Social and Humanitarian Knowledge, no. 9, pp. 210-214. [In Russian]

  16. Russia Travel. “About traveling on the territory of the Russian Federation”. Accessed 27 March 2020. https://tourism.gov.ru/news/16640/ [In Russian]

  17. Pink D. 2005. Free Agent Nation: How Americans New Independent Workers Are Transforming the Way We Live. Moscow: Sekret firmy. 327 pp. [In Russian]

  18. Toshchenko Zh. T. (ed.). 2020. Precariat: The Formation of a New Class. Moscow: Center for Social Forecasting and Marketing. 400 pp. [In Russian]

  19. RIA reyting. “Rating of regions by the number of jobs created in 2019”. Accessed 28 April 2020. https://riarating.ru/regions/20190416/630123373.html [In Russian]

  20. Russian labor market: trends, institutions, structural changes. Report of the TSeTI and Higher School of Economics. 2017. Moscow: HSE. 148 pp. [In Russian]

  21. Sinitsky V. I., Sinitskaya N. Ya. 2009. Labor Potential and Development of the Region: From Theory to Practice. Arkhangelsk: Pomor University. 239 pp. [In Russian]

  22. RF President. “Meeting on the sanitary and epidemiological situation”. Accessed 11 May 2020. http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/63340 [In Russian]

  23. Soldatova S. S., Pivkina K. R. 2020. “Economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for Russia”. StudNet, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 260-265. [In Russian]

  24. Soldatova S. S., Soldatova V. V. 2020. “The Russian labor market in the context of the growing economic crisis due to the pandemic”. StudNet, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 424-429. [In Russian]

  25. Standing G. 2014. Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. Moscow: Marginem Press. 328 pp. [In Russian]

  26. Toshchenko Zh. T. 2018. Precariat: From the Proto-Class to the New Class. Moscow: Nauka; Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, RSUH. 350 pp. [In Russian]

  27. RF President Decree of 25 March 2020 No. 206 “On declaring non-working days in the Russian Federation”. Accessed 26 March 2020. http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/45335 [In Russian]

  28. RF President Decree of 11 May 2020 No. 316 “On determining the procedure for extending measures to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population”. Accessed 11 May 2020. http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/63341 [In Russian]

  29. Russia Travel. “‘Fusion’ weekend”. Accessed 5 March 2020. https://tourism.gov.ru/news/16573/ [In Russian]

  30. Yanitsky O. N. 2020. “Recovery and development of society after the pandemic”. The Official Portal of the Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 8 pp. Accessed 23 July 2020. http://www.isras.ru/publ.html?id=7981 [In Russian]

  31. Yanitsky O. N. 2020. “The world and Russia after the pandemic”. The Official Portal of the Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 7 pp. Accessed 23 July 2020. http://www.isras.ru/publ.html?id=8157 [In Russian]

  32. SimilarWeb. “Top Jobs And Employment Websites in the world”. Accessed 3 March 2020. https://www.similarweb.com/top-websites/category/career-and-education/jobs-and-employment/ [In Russian]