Sociological measurement of happiness — universum approach (the case of a sociological survey of Krasnoyarsk citizens)

Release:

2019, Vol. 3. №1

Title: 
Sociological measurement of happiness — universum approach (the case of a sociological survey of Krasnoyarsk citizens)


For citation: Vasilieva O. V. 2019. “Sociological measurement of happiness — universum approach (the case of a sociological survey of Krasnoyarsk citizens)”. Siberian Socium, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 30-45. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2019-3-1-30-45

About the author:

Olga V. Vasilieva, Leading Specialist, Analytical Department, Center for Sociological Research “Monitoring Public Opinion” (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation); vasilyeva@socio-mom.ru

Abstract:

This article presents a complex sociological measurement of social mood, taking into account its static-dynamic traits and rational-emotional aspects. The author proves that the sociological evaluation of social mood is a measurement of happiness. The sociological tools proposed for the comprehensive measurement of happiness embrace the achievements of contemporary social sciences and humanities. In addition, the author substantiates the demand for simultaneous consideration of the totality of the components of social mood that are invariant for most studies. Being a static characteristic of social mood, social general state (subjective well-being, life satisfaction) is measured, and an orientation towards value experiences is estimated as a dynamic characteristic. Social mood is considered the most integral of the phenomena that describe not only the quality of life of social actors, but also their position in society from the point of view of their potential. On the example of a particular socio-demographic group (the adult population of Krasnoyarsk), this article reports the author’s experience of a comprehensive study of social mood. The proposed measuring tools claim to be integrative in measuring social mood and enable examining this phenomenon from several points of view at the same time, including such aspects as optimism and pessimism, degree of relevance and level of satisfaction of basic needs, as well as the system of value orientations and personal merits of the respondents. In this regard, it seems imperative to create a matrix of social mood, representing it in the unity of its two elements, three levels, seven layers and twelve qualities, respectively. Based on the identification of each of these elements, levels, layers, and qualities of social mood in a social mood of the social actor, the author finds it possible to build a complex matrix of happiness for a given actor.

References:

  1. Vasilyeva O. V. 2017. “Social mood as a general indicator of the position of a social subject in society”. Proceedings of the 69th-70th International Research Conference “Aktualnye voprosy obshchestvennykh nauk: sotsiologiya, politologiya, filosofiya, istoriya” no 2 (62), pp. 48-55. Novosibirsk: SibAK. [In Russian]
  2. Kislitsyna O. A. 2016. Measuring the Quality of Life/Well-Being: International Experience, pp. 14-15. Moscow: Institut ekonomiki RAN. [In Russian]
  3. Clifton D. O., Rath T. 2009. Positive Strategies for Work and Life. [In Russian]
  4. Krasilnikova M. D. 2002. “Changes in social attitudes and their influence on the behaviour of the population”. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i social’nye peremeny, no 1 (57), pp. 24-34. [In Russian]
  5. Lazareva O. A. 2013. “Happiness as an object of study of sociology”. Psihologiya, sociologiya i pedagogika, no 10. Accessed 17 January 2019. http://psychology.snauka.ru/2013/10/2492 [In Russian]
  6. Layard R. 2011. Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Instituta Gaydara. [In Russian]
  7. Lyubomirski S. 2014. Psychology of Happiness. New Approach. Saint Petersburg: Piter. [In Russian]
  8. Maksimova S. G., Akulich M. M., Pit V. V. 2018. “Social moods of the population in the regions where nuclear power plants are located”. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, no 4, pp. 118-126. DOI: 10.7868/S013216251804013X [In Russian]
  9. Morev M. V., Kaminskiy V. S. 2014. “Social mood: factors of formation and territorial characteristics”. Problemy razvitiya territorii, no 4, pp. 48-65. [In Russian]
  10. Nemirovskiy V. G., Starikov P. A. 2003. “The tendency of ‘quasi-religiousness’ among the Krasnoyarsk students”. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, no 10, pp. 96-101. [In Russian]
  11. Nemirovskiy V. G. 2004. General Sociology: University Textbook. Rostov-on-Don. [In Russian]
  12. Nemirovskiy V. G. 2010. “Sociological methods of measuring the hierarchical level of the basic values of the respondents”. Proceedings of the 4th Conference “Sovremennye problemy formirovaniya metodnogo arsenala sotsiologa” (Moscow, 16 February). Moscow: Institut sotsiologii RAN. Accessed 14 January 2019. http://ipps.sfu-kras.ru/sites/ipps.institute.sfu-kras.ru/files/publications/Sociologicheskaya_metodi... [In Russian]
  13. Nemirovskiy V. G., Nevirko D. D. 1997. Theoretical Sociology: Unconventional Approaches. Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarskaya vysshaya shkola MVD RF. [In Russian]
  14. Popova S. M., Shahray S. M., Yanik A. A. 2010. Measuring Progress. Moscow: Nauka. [In Russian]
  15. Rogozin D. O. 2007. “Testing questions about social well-being”. Sotsialnaya realnost: Zhurnal sociologicheskih nablyudeniy i soobshcheniy, no 2. [In Russian]
  16. Sadkova D. A. 2014. “Dynamics of social moods of young people”. Problemy razvitiya territorii, no 3 (71). [In Russian]
  17. Seligman M. 2012. Path to Prosperity. A New Understanding of Happiness and Well-Being. Moscow: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber. [In Russian]
  18. Seligman M. E. P. 2006. Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment. Translated from English. Moscow: Sofiya. [In Russian]
  19. Sorokin P. A. 1992. “Sociological progress and the principle of happiness”. In: Chelovek. Tsivilizatsiya. Obshchestvo. Moscow. [In Russian]
  20. Stepashin S. V. 2008. State Audit and the Economy of the Future. Moscow: Nauka. [In Russian]
  21. Sychev O. 2008. Psychology of Optimism: A Teaching Guide for a Special Course. Biysk: BPGU im. V. M. Shukshina. [In Russian]
  22. Toshchenko Zh. T. 1998. “Social mood — a phenomenon of modern sociological theory”. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, no 1, pp. 21-34. [In Russian]
  23. Ushakov D. (ed.) et al. 2000. The Explanatory Dictionary of the Modern Russian Language. Vol. 4.
  24. Chepurnykh M. N. 2012. “Indices of happiness: the experience of the West. A sociological review”. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya, no 9. [In Russian]
  25. Shmatova Yu. E., Morev M. V. 2015. “Measuring the level of happiness: a literature review of Russian and foreign studies”. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz, no 3 (39). DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.3.39.11 [In Russian]
  26. Clifton D. O., Anderson E. 2016. Strengths Quest: Discover and Develop Your Strengths in Academics, Career, and Beyond. Washington, D.C.: The Gallup Gallup Press.
  27. Diener E. (ed.). 2009. The Science of Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener. Vol. 37. Springer Science & Business Media. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-2350-6
  28. Fredrickson B. L. 2001. “The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions”. American Psychologist, vol. 56, no 3, pp. 218-226. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.56.3.218
  29. Herzberg P., Glaesmer H., Hoyer J. 2006. “Separating optimism and pessimism: a robust psychometric analysis of the revised life orientation test (LOT-R)”. Psychological Assessment, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 433-438. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.18.4.433
  30. Nakano K. 2004. “Psychometric properties of the life orientation test-revised in samples of Japanese students”. Psychological Reports, part 1, vol. 94, no 3, pp. 849-855. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.94.3.849-855
  31. Sumi K. 2004. “The Japanese version of the revised life orientation test: reliability and construct validity”. Psychological Reports, vol. 95, no 1, pp. 86-88. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.95.1.86-88
  32. Vasilyeva O. V. 2015. “The integrative approach to the study of the social mood phenomenon from the standpoint of the universum sociology (on the example of the social mood of young people in Krasnoyarsk)”. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, vol. 11, no 8, pp. 2248-2259. DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-2015-8-11-2248-2259
  33. Veenhoven R. 1991. Questions on Happiness: Classical Topics, Modern Answers, Blind Spots. Subjective Well-Being: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 
  34. Winseman A. L., Clifton D. O., Liesveld C. 2003. Living Your Strengths: Discover Your God-Given Talents, and Inspire Your Congregation and Community. Washington, D.C: The Gallup Organization.