Social networking sites as a platform for fraud


2018, Vol. 2. №4

Social networking sites as a platform for fraud

For citation: Kukhto A. I., Maltseva A. V. 2018. “Social networking sites as a platform for fraud”. Siberian Socium, vol. 2, no 4, pp. 42-58. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2018-2-4-42-58

About the authors:

Alexandra I. Kukhto, Undergraduate Student, Department of Social Analysis and Mathematical Methods in Sociology, Saint Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation);

Anna V. Maltseva, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Social Analysis and Mathematical Methods on Sociology, Saint Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation); eLibrary AuthorID, ORCID, Web of Science ResearcherID, Scopus AuthorID, Google


This article studies the use of social networks as new forms of virtual social space, which allows realizing different types of fraud. The issue is especially urgent due to the actions of users and organizations on social networks and their insufficient level of information literacy about computer security. This research aims to provide a social analysis of computer criminality before devising any effective actions for increasing security level of interactions in social networks and preventing Internet crime. This article depicts some general principles, including negative and positive features of user interactions on social networks, accounting for real public relations and government regulations in Internet security and computer crime. The results of the research have revealed the contemporary distinctive conditions for implementing, increasing, and developing computer crime on social networks, its specifics, aims, and technological components. The authors describe different kinds of criminal acts on social networks, their typology, and the fraudulent methods. This research emphasizes the deficiency of knowledge on information security, demonstrated by the Internet users. Based on the data acquired during social analysis, the authors recommend a number of personal, legal, and public actions for protecting user personal data and preventing computer crime on the Internet and social networks.


  1. Vinnik D. V. 2012. “Social networks as a phenomenon of the organization of society: the essence and approaches to the use and monitoring”. Filosofiya nauki, no 4 (55), pp. 110-126. [In Russian]
  2. Doctrine of Information Security of the Russian Federation (approved by the RF President’s Decree No 646 of 5 December 2016). [In Russian]
  3. Dremlyuga R. I. 2008. Internet Crime. Vladivostok: Izdatelstvo Dalnevostochnogo universiteta. [In Russian]
  4. Efimov E. G. 2015. Social Internet Networks (Research Methodology and Practice). Volgograd: Volgogradskoye nauchnoye izdatelstvo. [In Russian]
  5. VKontakte. “Users’ catalogue”. [In Russian]
  6. Kolikov N. L. 2011. “Professional computer crime and fraud”. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pravo, no 28, pp. 61-64. [In Russian]
  7. Morozova A. A. 2017. “Social network: on the issue of user security”. Znak: problemnoye pole mediaobrazovaniya, no 3, pp. 201-205. [In Russian]
  8. Nenashev S. M. 2016. “Information-technological and information-psychological safety of the user of social networks”. Voprosy kiberbezopasnosti, no 5, pp. 65-72. [In Russian]
  9. Nikitina I. A. 2010. “Financial fraud on the Internet”. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, pp. 122-124. [In Russian]
  10. Selezenev R. S., Skripak E. I. 2013. “Social networks as a phenomenon of the information society and specificity of social connections in their environment”. Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no 2 (54), pp. 125-131. [In Russian]
  11. Sergeeva Yu. “Social networks in 2018: global studies”. [In Russian]
  12. Fomina N. A. 2015. “The use of social engineering methods for fraud in social networks”. Proceedings of the Conference “Informatsionnaya bezopasnost’ i voprosy profilaktiki kiber·ekstremizma sredi molodezhi” (9-12 October), pp. 443-453. [In Russian]
  13. Shilkina N. E. 2014. “What is the difference between a ‘careerist’ and a ‘killer’? Social adaptation in a computer-simulated virtual world”. Kazanskaya nauka, no 1, pp. 266-268. [In Russian]
  14. Boyd D. M., Ellison N. B. 2008. “Social network sites: definition, history, and scholarship”. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, no 13, pp. 210-230.
  15. Hogan B. 2008. “Analysis of social networks on the Internet”. In: Fielding N., Lee R. M. Blank G. (eds.). Sage Handbook of Online Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  16. Fielding N. G., Lee R. M., Blank G. (eds.). 2008. Sage Handbook of Online Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. DOI: 10.4135/9780857020055