Release:2018, Vol. 2. №3
About the authors:Tatyana M. Goncharova, Cand. Sci. (Philos.), Associate Professor, Department of Speech Therapy and Psychology, Moscow Psychological and Social University in Krasnoyarsk (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation); email@example.com
This article deals with an ongrowing problem that the model of state administration and regional and local self-government (that is being built in Russia) is focused on Western social forms. Which consider neither the specificity of the historical development of Russia, nor its cultural identity. The liberal mechanism of the formation of local and regional authorities, generally imposed by the will of the supreme power “from above”, causes massive rejection and forms a social climate in the spirit of conflict, destroying the community of the traditional type and contributing to the progressive atomization of society from below. This article asserts that, according to the Russian version of the liberal theory of local self-government, the formation of its organs should be ultimately based on a mechanical and institutionalized system of “popular representation”. The authors prove that the implementation of the Russian version of the liberal concept of local self-government should be accompanied by the nationalisation of local self-government bodies with their gradual transformation into the lower level of the vertical of power, which should become a school for training all subjects of social and political interaction. Thus, this article aims to develop the fundamentals of a model for the formation of local authorities, taking into account the domestic political and administrative tradition. The latter includes the formation of people’s councils of houses, neighbourhoods, districts and subjects of the Russian Federation. The authors show that such a model will contribute to social consolidation through the gradual “build-up” of social ties and the formation of stable social cells. According to the authors, this will stimulate social activity of the population due to the increasing involvement of initiative citizens in the solution of regional and municipal issues. This article substantiates the relevance of such actions for the development of Siberia as a macro-region. The authors conclude that self-government in Siberia has its own specifics and needs intensive development with its account.