Release:2018, Vol. 2. №3
About the author:Zhan T. Toshchenko, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Head of the Department of the Theory and History of Sociology, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russian Federation); Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org
This article analyses the life of the modern Russian humanitarian intelligentsia based on the concept of the sociology of life, the key concept of which is the life world in all its richness of manifestation: social (group and individual) consciousness, behaviour (activity) in the social macro-, meso-, and microenvironment. This approach allows to reveal the specifics of life of the contemporary Russian intelligentsia and its diverse life worlds, which were analysed: a) as social and professional groups; b) as world outlook communities (socialist, liberal, nationalistic, patriotic, technocratic and other orientations); c) through the characteristics of the main types of its activities (labor, politics, culture, way of life, etc.); d) as social groups, the precarious work and lifestyle of which is becoming increasingly distinct. The article provides the results of representative studies of humanitarian intelligentsia, conducted in 2016 in 14 regions of the country (n = 1,450). The author draws conclusions about the existence of many problems in the life of the Russian humanitarian intelligentsia that require urgent solutions. He emphasises that the present and future of the intelligentsia cannot exist on their own, but are valuable when they rely on the experience of the past and feed on the blood and flesh of the problems that are really solved.