Social Risks and Social Security of Poor Single-Parent Families

Release:

2018, Vol. 2. №2

Title: 
Social Risks and Social Security of Poor Single-Parent Families


For citation: Sinkovskaya I. G. 2018. “Social Risks and Social Security of Poor Single-Parent Families”. Siberian Socium, vol. 2, no 2, pp. 22-32. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2018-2-2-22-32

About the author:

Irina G. Sinkovskaya, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Social Work and Sociology, Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology (Krasnoyarsk); iranet.75@mail.ru

Abstract:

This article studies the modern Russian society from the perspective of sociological theory of risk. The definition of social risks and the description of their characteristics are given, different types of risk-solidarity are considered as ways of adapting to risks. The typology of social risks is identified and described. Special attention is paid to poverty as a social phenomenon that produces a riskogenic environment and forms threats on different levels of society. Among the low-income social groups, the author choses as an object of the study an incomplete family with minor children with women in charge, whose income lies at the level of the living minimum. Such family is considered as being in a special “borderline state”, which makes it the most exposed to personal and social risks. Furthermore, the obtained empirical data show actual social risks of the women in charge of incomplete families. The features of these representations are shown. The dominant locus of control is detected. The basic practices of self-preservation behaviour, aimed at protecting against expected threats, are revealed. The analysis has highlighted the main types of socio-psychological reactions to the risk. The proposals for social protection of this category of family are formulated.

References:

  1. Astakhov P. 2012. “Interv’yu” [Interview]. Rossiyskaya gazeta, 26 April. Accessed on 7 July 2018. https://rg.ru/2012/04/26/semiya-anons.html
  2. Beck U. 2000. Obshchestvo riska. Na puti k drugomu modern [Risikogesellschaft]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya. 
  3. Douglas M. 2000. Chistota i opasnost’: analiz predstavleniy ob oskvernennosti i tabu [Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo]. Translated from English by R. Gromova; edited by S. Bankovskaya. Moscow: Kanon-press-Ts, Kuchkovo pole. 
  4. Kravchenko S. A. 2009. Riski v nelineynom globolokal’nom sotsiume [Risks in the Non Linear Globolocal Socium]. Moscow: Ankil. 
  5. Gorodskie novosti. 2013. “Krasnoyarskie statistiki podschitali sootnoshenie muzhchin i zhenshchin” [Krasnoyarsk Statisticians Have Calculated the Ratio of Men and Women]. Gorodskie novosti, 1 November, no 2867. Accessed on 7 July 2018. http://www.gornovosti.ru/glavnoe/krasnoyarskiye-statistiki-podschitali-sootnosheniye-muzhchin-i-zhen...
  6. Obshchestvo. 2018. “Ministr truda i sotsial’noy zashchity M. Topilin nazval sem’i s det’mi bol’shinstvom sredi zhivushchih v bednosti” [Minister of Labour and Social Protection M. Topilin Called Families with Children a Majority among Those Living in Poverty]. Obshchestvo, 28 May. Accessed on 7 July 2018. https://www.rbc.ru/society/28/05/2018/5b0c24519a7947ee2dd0e895
  7. Nemirovskiy V. G., Nemirovskaya A. V. 2011. Sotsial’naya struktura i sotsial’nyy kapital naseleniya Krasnoyarskogo kraya [Social Structure and Social Capital of the Population of the Krasnoyarsk Territory]. Krasnoyarsk: Izd vo Sibirskogo federal’nogo universiteta.
  8. Prozhitochnyy minimum i MROT v Krasnoyarskom krae [Living Minimum and Minimum Wage in the Krasnoyarsk Territory]. Accessed on 7 July 2018. https://pmini.ru/sfo/krasnoyarsk/
  9. Rossiyskaya gazeta. 2017. “Rosstat nazval chislo bednykh rossiyan” [Rosstat Announced the Number of Poor Russians]. Rossiyskaya gazeta, 14 December. Accessed on 7 July 2018. https://rg.ru/2017/12/14/rosstat-nazval-chislo-bednyh-rossiian.html
  10. Sinkovskaya I. G. 2017. Aktual’nye psihologo-pedagogicheskie, filosofskie, ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie problemy sovremennogo rossiyskogo obshchestva: kollektivnaya monografiya [Current psychological, Pedagogical, Philosophical, Economic and Legal Problems of Modern Russian Society: Collective Monograph]. Vol, 2. Ulyanovsk: Zebra.
  11. Sinkovskaya I. G. 2017. “Zhiznennye sily v osnove sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo potentsiala nepolnoy sem’i” [Life Forces at the Basis of the Socioeconomic Potential of an Incomplete Family]. Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskoy otkrytoy akademii: elektron. nauch. zhurn, no 25. http://vsoa.esrae.ru/191-1038
  12. Sinkovskaya I. G. 2018. “Sotsial’nye riski v Rossiyskom obshchestve” [Social Risks in the Russian Society]. In: Tekhnologii sotsial’noy raboty v razlichnyh sferakh zhiznedeyatel’nosti, pp. 335-339. Mahachkala: Iz-voDGU.
  13. Yаnitskiy O. N. 2014. “Sotsiologiya riska” [Sociology of Risk]. Mir Rossii, no 1, pp. 3-32.