Release:2018, Vol. 2. №1
About the authors:Dmitry O. Trufanov, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Institute of Education, Psychology and Sociology, Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation); Associate Professor, Department of Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Disciplines, Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of EMERCOM of Russia (Zheleznogorsk, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org
This article attempts to conceptualise the notion of the migration space in a region. The authors attribute the necessity of conceptualisation to the actual use of this concept in sociological discourse in the absence of its generally accepted definition. The migration space of a region is defined as a set of social ties in the region, the subjects of which are foreign migrants on the one hand and the host society on the other. The authors argue that with the arrival of foreign migrants in the region, the migration space is formed as a special kind of social ties. The specificity of these relations is due to three main factors: 1) foreign cultural influence from the part of migrants, 2) their special legal status in the territory of arrival, and 3) the formation of migrant communities as a new social actor in the region. This approach allows to distinguish the migration space of the region as a special social field in the structure of the regional social space. Based on the universum sociological approach, the authors propose a three-level model of the migration space of the region. The first level reveals the number of foreign migrants in the region, their communities and groups, their territorial location, and resource availability. The second level characterises the inclusion of migrants in the system of social relations of the region, their relations with the host population, the functioning of organisations and institutions that interact with migrants. The third level presents meanings, narratives, norms, collective opinions, and formalising ideas about migration relations in the information space of the region. In accordance with the authors’ opinion, this model can be useful both for the purposes of theoretical analysis of the migration space of the region and in the course of its empirical research. Further, relying on empirical data, the authors discuss the elements of the migration space of the Krasnoyarsk Region and focus on foreign labour migration directed to the region from Central Asian countries. During the analysis, the authors identify actual and potential deformations that form dysfunctional phenomena in the existence and development of migration space at various levels.