Youth Migration in the Conditions of the Regional Labour Market (On the Materials of the Omsk Region)

Release:

2017, Vol. 1. №2

Title: 
Youth Migration in the Conditions of the Regional Labour Market (On the Materials of the Omsk Region)


For citation: Arbuz A. V., Shirokolobova O. S. 2017. “Youth Migration in the Conditions of the Regional Labour Market (On Materials of the Omsk Region)”. Siberian Socium, vol. 1, no 2, pp. 61-71. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2017-1-2-61-71

About the authors:

Anna V. Arbuz, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Human Resource Management, Dostoevsky Omsk State University; denezhkina1@mail.ru

Olga S. Shirokolobova, Master Student, Department of Economics and Human Resource Management, Dostoevsky Omsk State University; olya.shirokolobova@gmail.com

Abstract:

The current situation of economic and social policies has led to the formation of stable trajectories of outflows in the central regions. The Omsk Region, situated on the border, attracts labour migrants from Central Asia, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan among others. The social research covers the migration processes associated with the arrival of labour migrants, and the regional development programmes account for them (to some extent). Yet, in the recent years in the Omsk Region, there are new trends related to strengthening the outflow of the native population. This study aims to analyse the youth migration in the Omsk Region in terms of the regional labour market. The authors rely on the hypothesis that one of the main reasons for young people to move is their desire to find more attractive work; this refers to the state of the regional labour market. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the issues, taking into account the migration of the Omsk population aged 20-29, as well as the factors affecting the migration. The study’s empirical base consists of regional statistics for 2010-2017, data analysis queries, Google trends, and the materials of graduates’ sociological surveys. The result of this is the comparative analysis of population dynamics and migration of population 20-29 y. o. in the city of Omsk. This allowed identifying the migration of young people and the relevant factors. The authors conclude that the young population have a subjectively negative perception of the region’s economic life, which contributes to the emergence of migration attitudes and expectations among them.

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