From Decay to Rebirth: Social Entrepreneurship Practices in Russian Villages (On the Example of the Urals and Siberia)

Release:

2017, Vol. 1. №2

Title: 
From Decay to Rebirth: Social Entrepreneurship Practices in Russian Villages (On the Example of the Urals and Siberia)


For citation: Arkhipova E. B. 2017. “From Decay to Rebirth: Social Entrepreneurship Practices in Russian Villages (On the Example of the Urals and Siberia)”. Siberian Socium, vol. 1, no 2, pp. 47-60. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2017-1-2-47-60

About the author:

Elena B. Arkhipova, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Social Work, Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg); e.b.arkhipova@urfu.ru

Abstract:

This article discusses the problems of functioning and developing rural territories in Russia. The authors show the devastating consequences of urbanization throughout the previous century, and emphasise the need to find alternative options for the revival of rural locality. This article aims to study successful practices of social entrepreneurship in the Russian villages. Given the diversity of the regions within the Russian Federation, the focus of the analysis is on the remote regions — the Urals and Siberia, which have a low population density, and which consist of large administrative and territorial units. The methodology of the study includes analysis of statistical data, state programs for support, and development of the village, as well as the cases of successful social entrepreneurship practices in the Ural and Siberian villages. Regions of Russia specialise in social entrepreneurship due to the peculiarities of resettlement and socio-economic development. In the Urals, it is a small ecological agribusiness, while in Siberia — rural tourism. The authors conclude that the development of rural territories in Russia possesses a great innovative potential of social entrepreneurship. By initiating their “bottom-up” ideas, social entrepreneurs offer bright, non-standard mechanisms for solving the problems of remote rural territories in Russia, which can be successfully replicated. This article shows how the private practice of rural tourism in Siberian villages has developed into a separate direction of the social policy of sustainable development of rural territories. Based on the case analyses of small social agribusiness in the countryside, the authors propose its most promising directions.

References:

  1. Nefedova T., Polyan P., Treyvish A. (eds.). 2001. Gorod i derevnya v Evropeyskoy Rossii: sto let peremen [A City and a Village in European Russia: One Hundred Years of Change]. Moscow: OGI. ISBN 5-94282-030-9. Accessed on 15 November 2017. http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/knigi/gorod/2.5.pdf 
  2. Informatsionnyy tsentr turizma Respubliki Tyva [Information Centre of Tourism of the Republic of Tuva]. www.visittuva.ru
  3. Maksanova L. V.-Zh. 2015. “Sel’skiy turizm v Sibiri” [Rural Tourism in Siberia]. ECO, no 9, pp. 38-42.
  4. Orlova V. S., Leonidova E. G. 2012. “Sel’skiy turizm kak faktor sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya provintsial’nogo regiona (na primere vologodskoy oblasti)” [Rural Tourism as a Factor of Socio-Economic Development of the Provincial Region (On the Example of the Vologda Region)]. Vestnik KrasGAU, no 9, pp. 25-30. 
  5. Ofitsial’nyy portal Federal’noy sluzhby gosudarstvennoy statistiki [The Official Portal of the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)]. http://www.gks.ru/
  6. RF Government Resolution of 15 July 2013 no 598 “O federal’noy tselevoy programme ‘Ustoychivoe razvitie sel’skikh territoriy na 2014-2017 gody i na period do 2020 goda’” [On the Federal Target Program “Sustainable Development of Rural Territories for 2014-2017 and for until 2020”]. http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70319016/#ixzz4ymvUcXZP (Accessed on 18.11.2017)
  7. Proekt “Na selo.ru” [“At the Village” Project]. www.naselo.ru
  8. Rosstat. 2016. Regiony Rossii. Osnovnye kharakteristiki sub»ektov Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 2016: Stat. sb [Regions of Russia. The Main Characteristics of the Subjects of the Russian Federation. 2016]. Moscow. 
  9. Tsentr ekonomicheskikh i politicheskikh reform. 2016. Rossiya — strana umirayushchikh dereven’ [Russia — The Country of Dying Villages]. Accessed on 18 November 2017. http://cepr.su/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Rossiya-strana-umirayushchikh-dereven’.pdf 
  10. Bank uspeshnykh proektov razvitiya sel’skikh territoriy [The Bank of Successful Rural Development Projects]. http://ruraldevelopment.ru
  11. “Zelenyy dom”. Sel’skiy turizm v respublike Altay [“Green House”. Rural Tourism in the Republic of Altai]. www.zeldom.ru
  12. Rodnoe selo [Native Village]. www.selorodnoe.ru
  13. Sel’skiy turizm na Altae [Rural Tourism in the Altay]. www.selo22.ru
  14. Simagin Yu. A., Patsiorkovskiy V. V., Kolennikova O. A. 2015. “Demograficheskie problemy Srednego Urala i puti ikh resheniya” [Demographic Problems of the Middle Urals and Ways to Solve Them]. Narodonaselenie, no 1, pp. 17-26. 
  15. Surnin V. V. 2011. “Napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya sovremennoy gosudarstvennoy politiki turizma: sel’skiy turizm” [Directions of Improving Modern State Tourism Policy: Rural Tourism]. Vestnik MGOU. “Istoriya i politicheskie nauki” Series, no 4, pp. 168-176.
  16. Turistsko-informatsionnyy tsentr “VizitBuryatiya” [Tourist Information Centre “VisitBuryatia”]. http://visitburyatia.ru
  17. Khagurov A. A. 2012. “Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaya struktura rossiyskogo sela” [Socio-economic Structure of the Russian Village]. Proceedings of the 4th All-Russian Sociological Congress “Sotsiologiya i obshchestvo: global’nye vyzovy i regional’noe razvitie”. Moscow: ROS, IS RAN, AN RB, ISPPI. Accessed on 15 November 2017. http://www.ssa-rss.ru/files/File/congress2012/part33.pdf
  18. Gruber C. 2003. “National Profiles of Work Integration Social Enterprises: Austria”. EMES. Accessed on 19 October 2017. https://emes.net/content/uploads/publications/ELEXIES_WP_03-06_AUS.pdf
  19. Davister C., Defourny J., Grégoire O. 2004. Work Integration Social Enterprises in the European Union: An Overview of Existing Models, pp. 4-7. New York.
  20. Defourny J., Nyssens M. 2012. “The EMES Approach of Social Enterprise in a Comparative Perspective”. EMES. Accessed on 19 October 2017. https://emes.net/content/uploads/publications/EMES-WP-12-03_Defourny-Nyssens.pdf