Release:2017, Vol. 1. №1
About the author:Yuriy V. Popkov, Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Chief Researcher of Department of Social and Legal Studies, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation); eLibrary AuthorID, ORCID, firstname.lastname@example.org
This article analyses a series of conceptual problems of contemporary Russian national policy, with an emphasis on the identification of its role as an interethnic integration factor. The problem is becoming more urgent in multiethnic regions, particularly in Siberia. The article shows that the problem of regulating ethno-social processes, which are part of interethnic relations, has become global with regard to society’s growing ethno-cultural complexity at all levels of its organisation. The author stipulates the need for national historical experience and established traditions of scientific understanding in the implementation of national policies. Rigid long-standing controversy between the supporters of civic (political) and ethnic (cultural) interpretations of the nation has not led to a clear victory of either party. Therefore, to describe these phenomena the author proposes two terms: nation-state phenomenon and ethno-national phenomenon. In contrast to the constructivist position in understanding the nation, the author defends the view that the nation is not only a form of collective consciousness, but also collective existence, collective action, and collective subjectivity. The author reasons for complementary public-civic and ethnic identities. Ethno-social processes are considered as an integrated object of national policy. The development of separate ethnic groups is represented as an interdependent development within the local and regional ethnic community, which is interpreted as an elementary object of the empirical study of ethno-social processes. The author justifies the need for regional models of national policy on the basis of the current problems and main trends in the ethno-social development of the peoples of Siberia. This takes into account the specifics of objective processes that operate in local interethnic communities. The author believes that implementation of conceptual paradigms by local authorities is an important condition of ethnic integration within Russian society.