Release:2017, Vol. 1. №1
About the authors:Dmitry O. Trufanov, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Head of the Sociology Department, Institute of Education, Psychology and Sociology, Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation); Associate Professor, Department of Humanities and Socio-Economic Disciplines, Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia (Zheleznogorsk, Russian Federation); ORCID: 0000-0002-5946-7479; WoS ResearcherID: AAJ-6463-2020; email@example.com
This article analyses the attitude of the adult population of the Krasnoyarsk Krai to other nationalities and migrant workers on the basis of the results of research carried out in the Krasnoyarsk Krai in 2015-2016. We performed five surveys in accordance with the criteria of age, gender, and territorial distribution within which we interviewed 6,000 respondents who represented the adult population of the Krasnoyarsk Krai. To the data obtained, we applied the methods of descriptive statistics, quantitative content analysis and factor analysis. The results of the analysis indicate mixed trends in the attitude of the Krasnoyarsk Krai’s adult population to other nationalities and migrant workers. On the one hand, there is an increase in the level of the population’s tolerance towards representatives of other nationalities, and a tendency towards improving interethnic relations; on the other hand, we register an increase in xenophobia towards migrants. Thus, most of the adult population of the Krasnoyarsk Krai show few signs of hostility towards representatives of other nationalities, and generally have a tolerant attitude to them. The answers of the respondents indicate a decrease in ethnic tension and a reduction in the likelihood of conflicts on ethnic grounds in the Krasnoyarsk Krai. At the same time, there is a tendency towards negative perception of migrant workers, mainly from Central Asia and the Caucasus, in the collective consciousness of the population. The opinion that migrant workers are more harmful than beneficial for the Krasnoyarsk Krai is becoming widespread. However, we do not observe a connection between this negative attitude to migrants and the perception of them as competitors on the job market. The second part of the article characterises the activities of the institutions of government, science, education, and civil society aimed at bringing about and developing conditions for the integration and adaptation of different nationalities and migrant workers within the Krasnoyarsk Krai community. The final part of the article describes an integrated approach to solving the problems of strengthening the unity of Siberian society, and harmonising interethnic and migration relations.