Shadow Wages: Specific Features, Involvement Rates, Motivation (based on data obtained in the Novosibirsk Region in 2008, 2010 and 2015)

Release:

2017, Vol. 1. №1

Title: 
Shadow Wages: Specific Features, Involvement Rates, Motivation (based on data obtained in the Novosibirsk Region in 2008, 2010 and 2015)


For citation: Volovskaya N. M., Pliusnina L. K., Rusina A. V. 2017. “Shadow Wages: Specific Features, Involvement Rates, Motivation (based on data obtained in the Novosibirsk Region in 2008, 2010 and 2015)”. Siberian Socium, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 18-26. DOI: 10.21684/2587-8484-2017-1-1-18-26

About the authors:

Nina M. Volovskaya, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management; n.m.volovskaya@nsuem.ru

Lidiia K. Pliusnina, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management; plusnina@ngs.ru

Anastasiia V. Rusina, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management; lada.rusina@yandex.ru

Abstract:

This article analyses the results of shadow remuneration research carried out in the Novosibirsk Region in 2008, 2010 and 2015, and reveals specific features of shadow wages, involvement of employees in the given remuneration method, its scale, dynamics and motivation for its implementation. The findings indicate that shadow wage rates are not only steadily growing, but they are also evolving into a steady socioeconomic phenomenon. Shadow wages are mostly widespread in trade, construction, service sectors, and in recent years their number has been growing in manufacturing, agricultural processing, service industry and transportation. In this research we suggest a series of measures to reduce the prevalence of shadow wages.

References:

  1. Bazhenov A. A., Chernikova E. V. 2014. “Obshchegosudarstvennye problemy formalnykh vzaimodeystviy v sfere oplaty truda” [State Problems as a Result of Formal Relations in the Sphere of Remuneration]. Natsionalnaya bezopasnost / NOTA BENE, no 1, pp. 108-116. DOI: 10.7256/2073-8560.2014.1.9426
  2. Belym po “seromu”: statistika po konvertnym skhemam oplaty truda [“White” and “Grey”: Statistical Data on Envelope Remuneration]. Accessed 24 December 2016. http://www.bishelp.ru/uprbiz/detail.php?ID=14721&print=1
  3. Bourdieu P. 2003. Counterfire: Against the Tyranny of the Market. London: VersoBooks.
  4. Brent R. J. 1991. “The Shadow Wage Rate and the Numbers Effect”. Public Finance, vol. 46, pp. 186-197.
  5. Butler J. 2004. Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. New York: Verso.
  6. Davydenko V. A., Romashkina G. F., Tarasova A. N. 2005. “Segment skrytoy ekonomiki: problemy izmereniya” [The Shadow Economy: Problems of Identification]. Nalogi. Investitsii. Kapital, no 4, pp. 7-19.
  7. Del Bo C., Fiorio C., Florio M. 2011. “Shadow Wages for the EU Regions”. Fiscal Studies, vol. 32, no 1, pp. 109-143. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-5890.2011.00129.x
  8. Dinwiddy C., Teal F. 1994. “The Shadow Wage Rate”. Theory and Application. Journal of Public Economics, vol. 53, no 2, pp. 309-317. DOI: 10.1016/0047-2727(94)90026-4
  9. Frase P. 2013. The Precariat: A Class or a Condition? New Labour Forum, no 22(2), pp. 11–14. DOI: 10.1177/1095796013482888
  10. Gimpelson V. 2016. Tret rossiian predpochitaet “tenevoi” trud [One-third of Russian People Prefer Shadow Employment]. Accessed 24 December 2016. http://opec.ru/1548141.html
  11. Ginsburgh V., Kiekens J. P. 1989. “A Note on the Computation of the Shadow Wage Rate in an Autarkic Agricultural Environment”. European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 16, no 1. p 137. DOI: 10.1093/erae/16.1.137
  12. Golenkova Z. T., Goliusova Yu. V. 2013. “Novye sotsialnye gruppy v sovremennykh strafikatsionnykh sistemakh globalnogo obshchestva” [New Social Groups in Contemporary Strata of Global Society]. Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i praktika, no 3, pp 5-14.
  13. Gupta M. R. 1988. “Migration, Welfare, Inequality and Shadow Wage”. Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 40, no 3, pp. 477-486. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.oep.a041866
  14. Kalleberg A. 2016. Nenadezhnaya zanyatost transformiruet obshhestvo [Unreliable Employment Transforms Society]. Accessed 24 December 2016. http://opec.ru/1823565.html
  15. Katz E., Stark O. 1986. “On the Shadow Wage of Urban Jobs in Less-Developed Countries”. Journal of Urban Economics, vol. 20, no 2, pp. 121-127. DOI: 10.1016/0094-1190(86)90001-X
  16. Kaurova O., Maloletko A., Yumanova O. 2013. “Ways to Counter the Retrieval of ‘Shadow Income’ from Businesses with Fixed Assets in Hospitality”. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 15. no 5, pp. 757-762.
  17. Kurakin A. 2008. “Zarplata ‘v konverte’: neravnyy brak ili brak po raschetu? Fond obshhestvennogo mneniia” [Envelope Wages: Misalliance or a Marriage of Convenience? The Public Opinion Centre]. Sotsialnaia realnost, no 6. pp. 31-45. 
  18. Le Kien T. 2009. “Shadow Wages and Shadow Income in Farmers’ Labour Supply Functions”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 91, no 3, pp. 685-696. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8276.2009.01264.x
  19. Lyubimskaya A. 2007. “‘Seraya Evropa’. Monitoring/oplata truda” [“Grey Europe”. Remuneration Monitoring]. RBK DAILY, 30 October.
  20. McIntyre F. 2004. An Empirical Model of Shadow Markets, the Minimum Wage, and Mandated Non-Wage Benefits (Brasil). Stanford University. 
  21. Renard R. 1984. “Rural-To-Urban Migration and the Shadow Wage in LDCs”. European Economic Review, vol. 24, no 3, pp. 401-407. DOI: 10.1016/0014-2921(84)90064-3
  22. Shkaratan O. I., Karacharovskiy V. V., Gasiukova E. N. 2015. “Prekariat: teoriya i empiricheskiy analiz (na materialah oprosov v Rossii, 1994-2013)” [Precariat Theory and Empirical Analysis (Based on Surveys Conducted in Russia in 1994-2013)]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no 12. pp. 99-110.
  23. Standing G. 1994. “Why Measured Unemployment in Russia is So Slow: The Net with Many Holes”. Journal of European Social Policy, no 4(1). pp. 35–49.
  24. Standing G. 1996. “Social Protection in Central and Eastern Europe: A Tale of Slipping Anchors and Torn Safety Nets”. In: Esping-Andersen G. (ed.). Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies. London: Sage. DOI: 10.4135/9781446216941.n8
  25. Standing G. 2014. Prekariat. Novyy opasnyy klass [The Precariat. The New Dangerous Class]. Moscow: Ad Marginem Press.
  26. Toschenko J. T. 2015. Prekariat – novyy socialnyy klass [The Precariat: A New Social Class]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no 6, pp. 3-13.
  27. Volovskaya N. M., Plyusnina L. K., Rusina A. V., Chernikova E. V. 2016. “Dinamika tenevoy oplaty truda (po dannym monitoringa v Novosibirskoy oblasti” [Dynamics of Shadow Remuneration (on the Basis of Novosibirsk Region Data)]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no 7, pp. 30-440.
  28. Zick C. D., Bryant W. K. 1990. “Shadow Wage Assessments of the Value of Home Production: Patterns from the 1970s”. Lifestyles, vol. 11, no 2, pp. 143-160. N. Y. DOI: 10.1007/BF00987078