For authors

Authors’ guidelines

Ethical moment before submitting the manuscript:
• only unpublished and original manuscripts are accepted;
• the manuscript was not submitted anywhere else;
• all the authors and parties involved agreed on the publication;
• no copyright infringement;
• no plagiarism;
• no falsified data.

The editorial team accepts (free of charge) the following materials for submission (on

  • an article prepared in accordance with the template.
  • All illustrations should be each in a separate TIFF file with a resolution of at least 400 dpi.

In addition (in a separate ZIP archive), scanned copies of the following documents, completed and signed by each author, should be attached:

The template describes the main rules of formatting the article and examples of literary sources. When working with the template, it is recommended to simply replace the text and leave the template formatting. You may use the articles (References in particular) from our latest issues as examples when formatting your own writing.

Below is a detailed description of the technical requirements for the design of research articles, information about their structure, as well as the rules for intra-text references and reference lists.


The articles should be 10 to 15 pages (≈  30,000 - 40,000 signs, A4 format), including an abstract, bibliography, illustrations, and keywords. Pagination is required. 

The text of the article should be typed in the MS Word text editor using the Times New Roman font, 11 points, a single interval, fields: left and right — 4 cm, the top and bottom — 4.5 cm.

Text formatting should be simple, as the formatting will be changed during layout. In particular, it is necessary to avoid the function of automatic and manual transfer of words and not to create new styles in MS Word (if possible, it is better not to use them at all). Only semibold and italic styles are allowed, as well as under- and superscript signs, though not to the detriment of the article’s readability. The use of colored fillings and selections is not allowed. 

Author’s notes are should be in the footnotes and marked by a number in super script (the text of the footnote should be located at the bottom of the page). 

All abbreviations, except for the generally accepted, must be deciphered at the first mention.

Measurement units are given according to the International System of Units. 

All tables, diagrams and illustrations must be mentioned in advance and signed in Russian and English. Signatures to them should follow the through numbering (e.g., Fig. 1, Table 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Table 2, etc.). 

For rare and non-Cyrillic or Latin languages (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Sanskrit) please attach a corresponding font. 

The electronic version of the article is certified by the author’s personal signature, confirming that the article is published for the first time.


Figures should fit onto the page of the Word document with the fields described above, the inscriptions on them should be made comparable to the main text’s size.

Drawings can be black-and-white or colored, though, if possible, the former is preferred (especially in diagrams, schemes, and graphs). 

All illustrations, photos or other graphic material are presented in TIFF format (each picture in a separate file) with a resolution of at least 400 dpi.

Drawings and diagrams made in MS Word should be grouped inside a single object (otherwise, elements may shift when page boundaries are changed) and saved as PDF.


Tables should be editable text (not a picture), and they should necessarily contain a “header”.


To create formulas, we recommend using MS Word (2007 and above), the Insert > Equation (Formula) tool. Mathematical expressions should be editable text, not images. This is important for the preservation of formulas in the final layout. All formulas indented separately in the text should be numbered sequentially. Simple formulas should be as simple as possible as plain text on a string, using keyboard arithmetic, superscript and substring; Greek letters can be written using Insert > Symbol. Variables in the text should be in italics.

Article’s structure

1. UDC

2. Title

It should be concise (no more than 15 words) and inform the readers about the article’s essence. Capitalized as in a sentence (important for headlines, citations, and contents).

3. Authors’ contact information

  • Full name. The order in which the names are mentioned (in case if there is more than one author) depends on the authors’ contribution. We ask to place the corresponding author on the first place. Those who did not contribute to the article significantly but still helped, might be mentioned in Acknowledgements.
  • Degree.
  • Affiliation, position, and place.
  • If the authors have ORCIDs or Researcher ID (which is highly recommended; you register and obtain it at,), please, mention them in this section. You may obtain ORCID at and Researcher ID at
  • Email. Please denote the corresponding author separately (if more than one person authored the article). If not, we will contact the first author on the list.

4. Abstract (200-250 words)

  • describes the field, main topic or the research question,
  • explains the urgency and uniqueness of the study,
  • states the purpose for studying,
  • lists main methods and/or material,
  • briefly summarizes the research,
  • presents the main results,
  • provides the conclusion;
  • the abstract should be informative yet concise (no general words or phrasings) and structured (same as in the main body);
  • avoid references, formulas, abbreviations and rare symbols (which require special fonts).

5. Keywords

List as many as possible words and phrases (7-10) which refer to the field of study, the topic, aims, objects, and results of the study. Avoid using phrases with quotation marks or commas. Each keyword should be a sustainable element with its own meaning.

6. Text of the article

We suggest using a simple structure for your article. The preferred structure is IMRaD: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. It is a rather flexible structure which allows combining or even omitting some sections (depending on the article) and it provides easier understanding and reading experience.

  • Introduction explains the main goal and uniqueness of the article;
  • Methods describe how the research was performed;
  • Results include what has been obtained during the study;
  • Discussion explains the importance of the findings; might be brief (if there is a separate Conclusion) or expansive (then no Conclusion is required).

7. Acknowledgements

Here you may mention everyone who helped to in preparation of the article.
Grant/financial support information (if there is).

8. References

The References should be no less than 20 items, with half of them (or more) being from English sources; the references should give an insight into the contemporary state of the studied field. Citing the relevant research in the leading international journals from the latest 5 years is mandatory. If the cited articles have DOI, providing it is obligatory. They are listed alphabetically in Author — Year system.

Article’s structure in Russian

Points 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 are translated into Russian and provided at the end of the article. Same goes for Figures and Tables’ captions in the article’s text.

If you experience difficulties and/or require help with the Russian translation, contact us.

1. UDC

2. Title

Translated into Russian. Capitalization as in a sentence.

3. Authors’ contact information

  • Authors’ full names should be transliterated into Russian (Using BGN system).
  • The order of the names should be same as above (in English).
  • It is preferable to use the existing translations of the affiliations. If there are no such translations, transliteration are required (using BGN as mentioned above).

4. Аннотация (Abstract)

Follows the same requirements as the abstract in English. Might be more extensive given there is no Russian text of the article provided.

5. Ключевые слова (Keywords)

6. Благодарности (Aknowledgments)

7. Figures and tables’ captions

Do not forget to provide those.

8. Список литературы (References)

The order should follow the References in English. Formatting follows GOST R 7.0.5—2008 (

Formatting citations and references

References are sorted alphabetical and numbered correspondingly. 

In-text references are placed in square brackets, e.g., [2]; more than one references are separated by a comma — [2, 3] — or a semicolon, if at least one of them has page numbers: [2, p. 312; 3, p. 312-320]. 

The references follow the Author — Year style, where the names of the authors precede the year of the work’s creation, followed by the title and the rest of bibliographical data. 

If the reference is a part of a bigger source (e.g., it is a journal article or a book chapter), the title of such source is placed in double quotation marks (“ ”). Same goes for theses and preprints. For quotation marks in the titles of the works use single quotation marks (‘ ’; see examples below).

In the authors’ absence, an editor (or translator or any other contributor) may be mentioned:

Gokhberg L. (ed.). 2002. Dialogue on S&T between the European Union and the Russian Federation. Moscow-Vienna: CSRS-BIT.

If the reference has no author, editor or any other contributor, the publisher takes their place:

HSE, IMEMO. 2008. [Innovation Development as a Basis for the Russia’s Economic Modernization. National Report]. Moscow: HSE, IMEMO. [In Russian].

IBM. 2009. A vision of Smarter Cities: How Cities Can Lead the Way into a Prosperous and Sustainable Future. IBM Institute for BusinessValue..

Unpublished works are noted correspondingly:

Georghiou L. 2007. The Handbook of Technology Foresight (unpublished).

Usually, the year of the cited edition is required. However, should you need to mention the year of the first publication, you may do so in square brackets before the year of the cited edition:

Foucault M. [1966] 2009. The Order of Things. An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. London, New York: Routledge.

The titles of the references in languages other than English are translated into English, denoting the original language in square brackets after the references (examples below). 


Gokhberg L. 2012. Aviation Science and Technology 2030. Foresight, Main Principles. Мoscow: Higher School of Economics. [In Russian]

Georghiou L., Cassingena Harper J., Keenan M., Miles I., Popper R. (eds.). 2008. The Handbook of Technology Foresight: Concepts and Practice. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Journal articles

Gokhberg L., Kuznetsova T. 2011. “Strategy 2020: the new outlines of the innovation policy”. Foresight-Russia, vol. 5, no 4 (1), pp. 8-30. [In Russian]

Balashova S., Lazanyuk I. 2004. “Public regulation of the IT industry: India and Russia”. Issledovano v Rossii, vol. 7, no 199, pp. 2119-2128. Accessed 10 January 2013.

Cantner U., Meder A., Walter A. L. J. 2010. “Innovator network and regional knowledge base”. Technovation, vol. 30, no 2, pp. 496-507. DOI: 10.1134/S1023193508080077

Books chapters

Gokhberg L., Kuznetsova T., Zaichenko S. 2007. “The role of higher education in S&T and innovation processes”. In: Larionova M. V., Meshkova T. A. (eds.). 2007. Analytical Report on the Russian Higher Education, pp. 125-153. Мoscow: Higher School of Economics. [In Russian]

Sokolov A. 2013. “Foresight in Russia: implications for policy making”. In: Meissner D., Gokhberg L., Sokolov A. (eds.). 2013. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future: Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies, pp. 183-198. Heidelberg: Springer.

Conference papers

Chayanov A. V. 1918. “The nature of peasant farming and the agricultural mode”. Paper presented at the 3rd Russian Congress “Ligi agrarnykh reform”. [In Russian]

Batagelj V., Mrvar A. 2002. “Pajek — analysis and visualization of large networks.” Proceedings of the Graph Drawing: 9th International Symposium, GD 2001 (23-26 September 2001, Vienna, Austria). Edited by W. Didimo and G. Liotta. Pp. 115-143. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Theses and dissertations

Yarina Ye. S. 2010. “The problem of self-identification of the individual and the features of the poetic system in the novels of E. Jelinek in 1975–1980s”. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Perm: Ural State University. [In Russian]

Saritas O. 2006. “Systems thinking for foresight”. PhD Thesis. Manchester: University of Manchester.